What is PLAY ? Why do preschool kids play more than study?


Why spend so much time playing ? Shouldn't they be studying ?


Custom Search




Do you have a comment? What's your view on Play? Bless someone today. Click here to jump to the Submission Form and produce a webpage of your own.
No registration and no need members' login password.






Let's look at different descriptions and views of play by various sources and people:

World Book Dictionary defines play as :
"something done to amuse oneself; fun; sport, recreation."

Emory S Bogardus referred to it as :
"Those activities which are not consciously performed for the sake of any reward beyond themselves"

Friedrich Froebel(1782-1852):
"graduated toys provides early exercise in geometric, artistic and mathematical skills."

Maria Montessori (1870-1952):
"didactic play materials expand pre-mathematical understanding and sensory training.

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939):
"there is therapy / healing through play.

Jean Piaget (1896-1980):
Play contributes to cognition

Jacques Rosseau:
Child's play is his work

CHARACTERISTICS OF PLAY

  • It is pleasurable, fun and enjoyable.

  • It has no extrinsic goals.

  • is spontaneous and voluntary.

  • involves active engagement.

  • contributes to a child's total development.







    WHY PLAY ?

    IT IS FOR COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    Through play, a child learns many skills, gains concepts and understanding, and draws relationships between concepts. He expands his understanding of himself and others, his knowledge of the physical world, and his ability to communicate with peers and adults.

    IT IS FOR PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT

    By running, jumping, skipping, climbing, etc, in play, a child strengthens his muscles and improves his body control and coordination. Some complicated games requiring physical skills with large and small muscular movements help the child inthe refinement of his motor skill.

    IT IS FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

    Play helps a child to cope with his peers who may irritate as they snatch and scream and kick for the sake of wanting the same toy. With more experiences at play, the child develops an awareness of himself in relation to others and discovers the joy of shared activity and mutual respect.

    IT IS FOR EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT

    Play provides an outlet for feelings. The child can use playthings on which to vent his anger and aggression, and to express his fears and anxieties; or he can pat his favourite cuddly toy to show affection and love. Such skills are useful to gain control of unpleasant feelings and overcome potential problems. It is a way in which children can express their feelings and work through emotional disturbances.



    There are 4 STAGES in young children's play activities:

  • Age 0-2
    Solitary Play

    Toddlers live in a very private world. They play with things in all kinds of inventive ways, exploring and trying things out. They are happy to be alone.

  • Age 2-3
    Parallel Play

    Although aware of each other's existence, children aren't able to cooperate for very long since each is still thinking egocentrically. They will play alongside, but not with each other.

  • Age 3
    Associative Play

    The awareness of th other child is increaseed as they start to communicate.

  • Age 4 and more
    Cooperative Play

    As children start to be able to take other people's wishes and needs into account they start to become more sociable. The gradually learn that cooperation can lead to new and interesting things to do and games to play. They start to be able to make "best friends" out of people who live near and have similar interests, although they can also "fall out" just as quickly.





    How to balance study and play?

    How much can a child learn through play? Is your preschool more work or play? Discuss

    [ ? ]

    Upload 1-4 Pictures or Graphics (optional)[ ? ]

     

    Click here to upload more images (optional)

    Author Information (optional)

    To receive credit as the author, enter your information below.

    (first or full name)

    (e.g., City, State, Country)

    Submit Your Contribution

     submission guidelines.


    (You can preview and edit on the next page)

    What Other Visitors Have Said

    Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page...

    Tele Show Not rated yet
    Build a TV out of a carton box. Have the children sit in a circle. Put a chair and sit one child on it. Put the TV over his head and encourage him to say …

    Click here to write your own.



    Like to read more on Child Development? Click here

    Check out Kindergarten Reading Program





    Child Intellectual Development

    Piaget's Stages of Child Development

    Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education

    Montessori Method

    Go to top of page - Play

    Return to homepage

    New! Comments

    Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.